Ukuqonda inqanaba lokuDementia kwenqanaba

Indoda ephezulu nogqirha

Njengaso nasiphi na esinye isigulo, isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo sinamanqanaba ahlukeneyo ukusuka kubumnene ukuya kubunzima. Isikali sokuBala ngeDementia (i-DRS) sinceda ukuvavanya kunye nokulandelela imisebenzi yengqondo yabantu abaphethwe kukungasebenzi kakuhle kwengqondo okubangela ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo ekuqwalaseleni, ekucingeni, kwimemori nakwezinye iindawo. Usebenzisa le DRS, unokusebenzela ukuqonda ubuzaza besifo sakho okanye somntu omthandayo.



Isikali sokuBala ngeDementia 2

Ibhalwe nguSteven Mattis, uChristopher Leitten, kunye noPaul Jurica, isikali sokulinganisa isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo, esaziwa njengeDRS-2, sithabathe indawo yesikali sokuqala sokulinganisa isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo esibizwa ngokuba yiDRS, okanye iMDRS (iMattis Dementia Rating Scale).



Amanqaku afanelekileyo
  • Iindidi ezili-10 zeDementia ichaziwe
  • Ukuqonda isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo kunye ne-Alzheimer's
  • Amanqanaba eDementia yeVascular

Ngubani ovavanya iDRS-2?

Ipapashwe yimithombo yoVavanyo lwezeNgqondo, iDRS-2 ilawulwa ngokukodwa kwizigulana ezineminyaka engamashumi amahlanu anesihlanu ukuya kumashumi asibhozo anesithoba. Isikali sokulinganisa sinemisebenzi engamashumi amathathu anesithandathu enamakhadi amashukumisayo angamashumi amathathu anesibini kwaye ithatha imizuzu elishumi elinesihlanu ukuya kumashumi amathathu ukuyilawula.





Uvavanya ntoni iDRS-2?

I-DRS-2 ivavanya umntu ngamnye kwimimandla emihlanu ekhokelela kumanqaku amahlanu asezantsi. La manqaku asetyenziselwa ukumisela amanqaku apheleleyo kunye nenqanaba lokusebenza kwengqondo. Iindawo ezintlanu zibandakanya:

kangakanani ukupheka brats eziko
  • Ukuqwalaselwa - kulinganiswa kusetyenziswa izinto ezisibhozo
  • Ukwakhiwa - kulinganiswa kusetyenziswa izinto ezintandathu
  • Ingqiqo - kulinganiswa kusetyenziswa izinto ezintandathu
  • Ukuqalisa / Ukugcina - kulinganiswa kusetyenziswa izinto ezilishumi elinanye
  • Imemori - kulinganiswa kusetyenziswa izinto ezintlanu

Isebenza nini iDRS-2?

Eli nqanaba lokulinganisa lifunyenwe liluncedo ngakumbi kuvavanyo lokuqala, lokulandela ukuqhubela phambili, kunye nokulinganisa utshintsho kwimisebenzi yokuqonda ekuhambeni kwexesha. Isetyenziswa ngokubanzi ukulinganisa ubuchule bokuqonda kwinqanaba elisezantsi lobuchule be-spectrum, i-DRS-2 iluncedo ngakumbi kuvavanyo kunye nokulandela umkhondo weentlobo ezithile zesifo sengqondo esiquka:



  • Uhlobo lwe-Alzheimer's dementia
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo okunxulumene nobudala okanye isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo semithambo
  • Isifo sikaHuntington
  • Isifo sikaParkinson
  • Isifo esiphantsi
  • Ukudodobala kwengqondo

Olunye uguqulelo lwe-DRS-2

Iiwebhusayithi ezibonelela nge- DRS-2 Iingcali nazo zihlala zibonelela ngenye indlela yovavanyo. Injongo yenguqulo eyenye kukunciphisa ukubakho kweziphumo zokuziqhelanisa, ezihlala zenzeka nolawulo lweemvavanyo ezininzi.

I-DRS-2 kunye nezinye izinto zeFom

Okubandakanyiweyo kwikhithi ye-DRS-2 zezi:



  • Incwadana yemigaqo
  • Amakhadi angamashumi amathathu anesibini okukhuthaza
  • Iincwadana ezingamashumi amahlanu zokufumana amanqaku
  • Iifom zeeprofayili ezingamashumi amahlanu

Okubandakanyiweyo kolunye uhlobo lwento yeDSR-2 zezi:



  • Isongezelelo kwisikhokelo
  • Enye indlela yamakhadi okukhuthaza
  • Iincwadana ezingama-50 zokufumana amanqaku ngefom
  • Iifom zeeprofayili ezingamashumi amahlanu

Ukulinganiswa kwesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo

Inkqubo ye- Ukulinganiswa kwesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo , eyaziwa ngokuba yi-CDRS, yaveliswa ngo-1979 kwiYunivesithi yaseWashington University of Medicine eSt. Louis, eMissouri, nguJohn C. Morris njengenxalenye yeProjekthi yeMemori nokuguga. Isikali sokulinganisela silinganisa amanqanaba kunye nobukhali beendlela ezininzi zesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo nangona ekuqaleni sasiphuhlisiwe ukulinganisa isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo sohlobo lwe-Alzheimer's.

ulahlekelwa njani ngumntwana ongekazalwa

Inkqubo yamanqaku amaHlanu

I-CDRS yinkqubo yokulinganiswa kwamanqaku amahlanu:

  • Amanqaku e-0 abonisa ukungahambi kakuhle kwengqondo okanye isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo.
  • Amanqaku e-0.5 abonisa ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo okuthandabuzekayo okanye okunesidima.
  • Amanqaku e-1 abonisa ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo okuthobekileyo okanye isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo.
  • Amanqaku ama-2 abonisa ukungakhubazeki kwengqondo okanye ukumkelwa kwengqondo.
  • Amanqaku ama-3 abonisa ukuphazamiseka kwengqondo okanye isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo.

Njani amanqaku azimiseleyo

isiguli esiphezulu kwikhaya labongikazi

Amanqaku amiselwe ngokusekwe kulwazi oluqokelelwe kudliwanondlebe olwenziwe ngokungqongqo. Umntu olawula udliwanondlebe kufuneka alandele izikhokelo ezingqongqo kunye nemigaqo kulawulo kunye nokufumana amanqaku kwiCDRS. Iindawo ezintandathu, okanye imimandla yokuqonda, egutyungelwe kudliwanondlebe yile:

  • Imemori
  • Ukuqhelaniswa
  • Imicimbi yoluntu
  • Amakhaya nezinto zokuzonwabisa
  • Ukugweba / ukusombulula ingxaki
  • Abasebenzi ngubani

Kwiimeko ezininzi, ubuzaza bomonakalo buyahluka kwisizinda esinye sokuqonda ukuya kwesinye kuba isifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo asiqhubeki ngokufanayo kwingqondo. Umzekelo, umntu unokufumana amanqaku amabini kwimemori, i-1 yokuziqhelanisa kunye nemicimbi yoluntu, kunye ne-0.5 kwiindawo ezintathu ezisele zommandla wolwazi. Ukufumana amanqaku ngokuchanekileyo kwi-CDRS, umlawuli usebenzisa amanqaku ebhokisi nganye kwindawo nganye ukufumana amanqaku e-CDR kwihlabathi lonke kulandela imigaqo engqongqo yokupapashwa.

yintoni venus emele ukuvumisa ngeenkwenkwezi

Amanqanaba ongezelelweyo okulinganisa iDementia

Oku kulandelayo ngamanqanaba ongezelelweyo kunye novavanyo olusetyenziselwa ukulinganisa amanqanaba kunye nobukhali beendlela ezahlukeneyo zesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo.

Inqanaba loVavanyo lweSifo se-Alzheimer

Inkqubo ye- Isikali soVavanyo lweZifo se-Alzheimer yaphuhliswa kwii-1980s kwaye yayiyilwe kwasekuqaleni njengenqanaba lokulinganisa ukuvavanya inqanaba lokungasebenzi kakuhle kwengqondo kunye nokungaqondi. Iziphumo zibonisiwe kwisikali ukusuka kubumnene ukuya kubunzima.

Isikali seDementia esikelelekileyo

Inkqubo ye- Isikali seDementia esikelelekileyo yaphuhliswa kwii-1960s kunye neenzame zokulinganisa ukonakala kobuntu kunye nokusebenza kwengqondo. Idatha yohlalutyo ivela kwizalamane zabanonopheli bomntu ovavanyiweyo.

Umgangatho woVavanyo lweZifo lwe-Alzheimer

Inkqubo ye- Umgangatho woVavanyo lweZifo lwe-Alzheimer yaqala ukwenziwa nge-1980s kodwa yahlaziywa ukusukela oko yaqalwa. Uvavanyo ngumzamo wokulinganisa ngcono inqanaba lokuphazamiseka kwengqondo kubantu abane-Alzheimer's. Amanqaku angabonisa ukuba leliphi inqanaba le-Alzheimer's.

Uviwo lweMini-yeNgqondo kaRhulumente

Inkqubo ye- Uviwo lweMini-yeNgqondo kaRhulumente Amanyathelo okonakala kwengqondo ngokusebenzisa iphepha lemibuzo elilawulwa ngugqirha. Olu viwo luthathwa njengovavanyo lokufumanisa ubukho besifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo.

kungakanani ukutya okunkonkxiweyo ukondla ikati

Isikali sobukrelekrele babadala

Inkqubo ye- Isikali sobukrelekrele babadala luvavanyo lwe-IQ, olubonisa isahlulo esivavanya ngokukodwa imemori. Eli candelo lememori, ngakumbi, lithathwa njengelibalulekileyo ekufumanekeni nasekuchongeni amanqanaba okuqala eDementia kunye ne-Alzheimer's.

Uvavanyo lwezonyango

Xa uqala ukuvavanya ukuba ingaba isigulana sinesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo okanye i-Alzheimer's, ezahlukeneyo iimvavanyo zonyango ziqhelekileyo ziyalelwa ngoogqirha kubandakanya, kodwa kungaphelelanga apho:

  • Ukuvavanywa kwengqondo kweMRI
  • Ukugqobhoza iLumbar
  • Uvavanyo lweCT

Izixhobo zoVavanyo eziSebenzayo

Zombini iDRS-2 kunye neCDRS zizixhobo ezisebenzayo ekuvavanyeni imisebenzi yokuqonda yabantu abaneminyaka engamashumi amahlanu anesihlanu okanye nangaphezulu abaneendlela ezahlukeneyo zesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo. Uvavanyo lwe-Diagnostic lubalulekile ukukhupha ezinye izizathu zokuhla kwengqondo okanyeukukhubazeka kwememori.