Imithetho yoqhawulo mtshato eLouisiana

Imithetho yoqhawulo mtshato eLouisiana

Imithetho yoqhawulo mtshato eLouisiana ilawulwa ngu Isiqendu 103 Ikhowudi yaseburhulumenteni yombuso. Le mithetho ibeka iLouanaana njengepropathi yoluntu, ichaza ubude bexesha elithathayo ukufumana uqhawulo-mtshato, kunye nenkqubo yenkqubo yoqhawulo mtshato. Ukufaka ifayile yoqhawulo mtshato eLouisiana, ubuncinci iqabane elinye kufuneka lihlale kurhulumente ubuncinci Unyaka omnye . Isicelo soqhawulo mtshato kufuneka sifayilishwe kwiparadesi apho esi sibini sagqibela ukuhlala kunye.



Izizathu zoqhawulo mtshato

Ukufaka ifayile yoqhawulo mtshato eLouisiana, amaqela anelungelo lokuqhawula umtshato nokuba kungasekelwa izizathu okanye uqhawulo-mtshato olungenazimpazamo. Imithetho yaseLouisana ngokumalunga 'nezizathu,' okanye izizathu zoqhawulo-mtshato ziyahluka ngokuxhomekeka kuhlobo lomtshato nokuba iqabane lifuna ukutyhola uhlobo olubi.



Amanqaku afanelekileyo
  • Ipropathi yoLuntu kunye nokuSinda
  • Umthetho Wezomkhosi kwi-Alimony kunye neNkxaso yaBantwana
  • Ukwabiwa ngokulinganayo koqhawulo mtshato

No-Fault Uqhawulo-mtshato

Ngokungafaniyo namazwe amaninzi, eLouisiana ' akukho siphoso Ukhetho loqhawulo-mtshato lufuna ukuba abatshatileyo bahlale ngokwahlukeneyo ixesha elithile. Amaqabane anokulandela uqhawulo-mtshato olungenasiphoso ukuba:





  • Baye bahlala bodwa ngokwahlukeneyo kangangeentsuku ezili-180 kwaye abanabantwana bancinci
  • Bebehlala ngokwahlukeneyo bodwa kangangeentsuku ezingama-365 kwaye banabantwana abasuka emtshatweni

Uqhawulo-mtshato Olunetyala

ILouisiana inezizathu ezibini kuphela zokuqhawula umtshato. Bayakrexeza kwaye bayagwetywa. Ukuba enye yezi zinto iyasebenza kwimeko yakho, awunyanzelekanga ukuba ulinde ixesha elifunekayo ngaphambi kokuba uqhawule umtshato. Kufuneka iqatshelwe into yokuba isityholo sokukrexeza sinokuba nefuthe kwinkundla isigqibo sokuwongwa isondlo.

Njani abafana abanentloni ukubonisa umdla

Umtshato womnqophiso

UKUYA umtshato womnqophiso luhlobo olukhethekileyo lomtshato apho izibini zizinikela ekutshateni ngonaphakade. Ukungena kumtshato womnqophiso, abatshatileyo kufuneka batyikitye isibhengezo seenjongo zokufuna ingcebiso emtshatweni ngaphambi kokuqhawula umtshato. Ukongeza, izizathu zoqhawulo mtshato kumnqophiso womtshato zikhawulelwe koku kulandelayo:



  • Ukukrexeza
  • Ulwaphulo-mthetho lukaFelony
  • Ukulahlwa okungenani unyaka omnye
  • Ukuxhatshazwa ngokwasemzimbeni okanye ngokwesondo kweqabane okanye abantwana
  • Ukuhlala ngokwahlukeneyo nokuhlala iminyaka emibini ubuncinci ngaphandle kokudibana
  • Ukuhlala ngokwahlukeneyo nangokwahlukana unyaka omnye (iinyanga ezili-18 ukuba kukho abantwana abancinci) ukusukela kumhla wokusayinwa ngokusemthethweni

Indlela yokuFayile

Ngaphantsi komthetho waseLouisana, zimbini iintlobo zoqhawulo mtshato ezikhoyo. Ezi zimbini zahlukile iinkqubo , eyaziwa njenge-102 kunye ne-103 yoqhawulo mtshato, thabatha amagama abo kumacandelo ekhowudi abonakala phantsi kwawo. Ukugcwalisa iifom ezifunekayo, kuya kufuneka undwendwele inkundla yendawo okuyo.

102 Uqhawulo-mtshato

UKUYA Uqhawulo mtshato oluyi-102 iyafumaneka kumaqela ekusafuneka ehlale ngokwahlukeneyo kwaye ahlukane nexesha elifunekayo. Ukuqala ngo-102 woqhawulo-mtshato, iqabane elifaka iifayile kufuneka lingenise uxwebhu lwezikhalazo. Emva koko, kuya kufuneka ayisebenzele kwiqela okanye afumane ukuyekiswa kwenkonzo. Amaqela ke kufuneka alinde de kudlule ixesha elifunekayo lokuqhubela phambili netyala labo. Nje ukuba banelise ixesha elifunekayo, kufuneka bafake isindululo sokucela inkundla ukuba ibanike ukuqhawula kwabo umtshato.



103 Uqhawulo-mtshato

Izibini zinokulandela 103 uqhawulo-mtshato ukuba bahlala ngokwahlukeneyo kwaye bahlukane nobude bexesha elifunekayo. Nje ukuba uxwebhu lwezikhalazo luhanjiswe kwelinye iqabane, uneentsuku ezili-15 zokuphendula.



Uqhawulo-mtshato Olunetyala

Kunqabile ukulandela Uqhawulo mtshato olunesiphoso , nangona kunjalo, ukuba ulandela oku, kuya kufuneka ufune igqwetha losapho. Qaphela ukuba ukukrexeza kufuneka kungqinwe ngamangqina amabini ongezelelweyo kwityala.

ICandelo lePropati

ILouisiana ngurhulumente wepropathi yoluntu. Oku kuthetha ukuba omabini amaqabane ane inzala elinganayo kuyo yonke ipropathi efunyenweyo kunye noxanduva olulinganayo lokuhlawula onke amatyala aqokelelwe ngexesha lomtshato. Ipropathi efunyenweyo okanye ityala elingene phambi komtshato, emva komhla wokwahlukana, okanye elifunyenwe ngexesha lomtshato kodwa ligcinwa lahlukile, alibandakanywanga kubalo lwepropathi yoluntu.

Umanyano

Umthetho waseLouisana uvumela iinkundla ukuba zinike isondlo, kodwa kuphela kwiimeko apho iqabane elifuna inkxaso libonisa zombini iimfuno zemali kunye nokungabikho kwayo nayiphi na indlela yokuziphatha gwenxa.

Urhulumente uvumela okokugqibela (okusisigxina) kunye nethutyana (okwethutyana) isondlo . I-alimony yexeshana ihlala isusela kwixesha elinikezelwa yinkundla de ibe iphelisiwe okanye kungene isigwebo sokugqibela soqhawulo mtshato. I-alimony esisigxina ihlala isusela kwixesha lokusekwa kwayo kude kube ngumhla othile, ukusweleka kweqabane, okanye ukuhlala komamkeli kwimeko efanayo nomtshato.

Xa ichonga inani lesondlo, inkundla ithathela ingqalelo oku kulandelayo izinto :

  • Ingeniso yabatshati kunye nezinye iiasethi
  • Ilungiselelo lokugcinwa komntwana
  • Inkxaso yentlawulo, ukuba ikhona
  • Impilo kunye nobudala bamaqabane
  • Umvuzo womntu ngamnye
  • Iziphumo zerhafu yebhaso
  • Ixesha lomtshato
  • Kuya kuthatha ixesha elingakanani ukufumana iqabane elifuna inkxaso ukufumana imfundo, uqeqesho okanye ingqesho

Kwibhaso lokuxhasa umntwana okwethutyana inkundla inokujonga umgangatho wokuphila ngexesha lomtshato. Inkundla ayinakho ukunika isibonelelo semali esingaphezulu kwesinye kwisithathu somvuzo weqabane elihlawulelayo. Ukulungiswa kwebhaso lesondlo kunokwenziwa ukuba iimeko zomlingane ziguqukile; Eli lungiselelo alibandakanyi ukutshata kwakhona komlingane ohlawulekayo.

UkuGcinwa kwabantwana kunye neNkxaso

Xa abantwana bebandakanyeka kuqhawulo-mtshato, inkundla kufuneka ithathe izigqibo ezibalulekileyo malunga nokuba bazakuhlala phi, kunye nendlela abazali abaza kuzikhathalela ngayo iimfuno zabo zemali kunye neemvakalelo.

Ukugcinwa Komntwana

Njengamazwe amaninzi, iLouisana iyakuthanda ukugcinwa ngokudibeneyo . Iinkundla zaseLouisiana zithathela ingqalelo oku kulandelayo izinto xa kugqitywa indlela yokunikwa ilungelo lokugcina.

  • Ubudlelwane phakathi komntwana nabazali
  • Isakhono sabazali sokuthanda nokumkhokela umntwana
  • Ukukwazi kwabazali ukunika umntwana ukutya, impahla, unyango kunye nezinye izinto eziyimfuneko
  • Ixesha elichithwe ngumntwana kwindawo ehlala izinzile kwaye kungcono ukuba aqhubeke nemo engqongileyo
  • Uhlobo olusisigxina kwikhaya labazali
  • Ukuziphatha kakuhle kwabazali
  • Impilo yengqondo nengokwasemzimbeni yabazali
  • Ikhaya lomntwana, isikolo, kunye nembali yoluntu
  • Iminqweno yomntwana
  • Ukuzimisela komzali ngamnye ukukhuthaza umntwana wakhe ukuba abe nolwalamano nomnye umzali
  • Umgama phakathi kwamakhaya abazali
  • Inqanaba loxanduva oluboniswe ngumzali ngamnye emntwaneni

Inkxaso yomntwana

ELouisiana izikhokelo zenkxaso yomntwana yiyalela ukuba bobabini abazali banoxanduva lokufaka isandla kwintlalo-ntle yomntwana. Inkxaso ibalwa ngokusekwe kwimivuzo yabazali nakwinani labantwana. Inkundla inegunya loku guqula kancinane inkxaso yabantwana ukuba abazali bangabonisa ukuba iimeko zabo zitshintshile okanye inkxaso leyo ayisadingeki.

Uqhawulo mtshato waseLouisiana

Imithetho yoqhawulo mtshato yaseLouisana ingqongqo xa kufikwa kumgangatho wokuqhawulwa komtshato kungekho mpazamo, ukufaneleka kwesondlo, kunye namaxesha okufumana uqhawulo-mtshato. Nangona kunjalo, bavumela iijaji ukuba zikhethe ngaphandle, ngaloo ndlela ziqinisekisa ukuba onke amaqabane aphathwa ngokufanelekileyo.