Uqhawulo-mtshato eOhio

Uqhawulo-mtshato eOhio

Uqhawulo-mtshato ngamava abuhlungu eentliziyo kwiintsapho. Ukufumana isiphatho kwinkqubo yezomthetho kunokukunceda ugcine intloko epholileyo njengoko usenza izigqibo ezibalulekileyo malunga nendlela yokuphelisa umtshato wakho. Ukufaka ifayile yoqhawulo mtshato eOhio, ubuncinci iqabane elinye kufuneka lihlale kurhulumente iinyanga ezintandathu okanye ngaphezulu. Ubuncinci iqela elinye kufuneka lihlale kwindawo apho isikhalazo siza kugcinwa khona ubuninzi beentsuku ezingama-90.



Izizathu zoqhawulo mtshato

I-Ohio ivumela uqhawulo mtshato olusekwe kwiziphoso kwaye olungenasiphoso. Uninzi lwabantu abatshatileyo bakhetha uqhawulo-mtshato olungenasiphoso, kuba alufuni ukuba ungene kuzo zonke izizathu zokuba kutheni umtshato usilele. Endaweni yokungena kwiinkcukacha zangasese, izibini zikhetha enye yezizathu ezibini ezingenaziphoso, ezibandakanya:



injani i-virgo
  • Ukuhlala ngokwahlukeneyo unyaka omnye
  • Ukungahambelani (okoko nje omabini amaqabane ayavuma)
Amanqaku afanelekileyo
  • Umthetho Wezomkhosi kwi-Alimony kunye neNkxaso yaBantwana
  • Ukwabiwa ngokulinganayo koqhawulo mtshato
  • Ipropathi yoLuntu kunye nokuSinda

Nangona kunqabile ukuba kusetyenziswe, iOhio nayo ivumela iimpazamo ezininzi amabala , ezibandakanya:





  • Ukukrexeza
  • Ukuba iqabane likhathalele uxanduva lwalo kwelinye iqabane
  • Ukuba umntu otshatileyo wayesele etshatile komnye umntu ngexesha lomtshato
  • Ukuba elinye iqabane lihamba kwaye alikho ekhaya ubuncinci unyaka
  • Inkohlakalo egqithisileyo
  • Isivumelwano sobuqhetseba
  • Ukuqhela ukunxila
  • Ukuvalelwa entolongweni

Inkqubo yoqhawulo mtshato

E-Ohio, ungawuphelisa umtshato wakho kwenye iindlela ezimbini . Ukuba wena neqabane lakho nifikelela kwisivumelwano kwangoko, ungafaka ifayile yokuchithwa, eyinkqubo ekhawulezayo, engabizi mali ininzi. Ngaphandle koko, kuya kufuneka uqhawule umtshato.

  1. Umlingane ofaka isicelo kufuneka afake 'isikhalazo' soqhawulo-mtshato kunye nesamani kwinkundla yaseburhulumenteni.
  2. Umlingane ofaka isikhalazo kufuneka afake isikhalazo kwiqabane eliphendulayo. E-Ohio, unako khonza iqabane lakho ngunothimba, iseva yenkqubo yabucala, okanye ngeposi eqinisekisiweyo.
  3. Umlingane ophendulayo uneentsuku ezingama-28 zokufaka impendulo ebhaliweyo, okanye 'impendulo' kwisikhalazo. Kwamanye amazwe, iinkundla ziya kunika 'isigwebo esingagqibekanga' ukuba iqabane elingafayilanga liphendula. Umthetho waseOhio kuthintela izigwebo ezingagqibekanga Kumatyala oqhawulo-mtshato. Endaweni yoko, umntu ogcwalisa iqabane kufuneka anike ubungqina obonisa ukuba unelungelo lokuqhawula umtshato phantsi komthetho waseOhio. Umzekelo, umntu ogcwalisa iqabane kufuneka abonise ingqina elinokungqina ukuba amaqela abetshatile kwaye bahlala kunye njengendoda nomfazi. Ukuba iqabane elikhalazayo linokungqina zonke izinto eziyimfuneko kuqhawulo-mtshato, inkundla iyakugweba ngaphandle kokubakho komnye umntu.
  4. Inyathelo lokugqibela kulo naliphi na ityala laseOhio loqhawulo-mtshato kuxa ijaji isayina ukungena kokuGweba kokugqibela kunye noMmiselo woQhawulo mtshato.

Ukwahlula iPropati

Ngexesha letyala, inkundla kufuneka yahlule ipropati yabalingane. I-Ohio yindawo yokuhambisa ngokulinganayo kwaye isebenzisa oku kulandelayo izinto Ukwahlula ipropathi yomkhosi:



indlela yokucheba iinwele ezinde ngemaleko enemifanekiso
  • Kude kube nini betshatile
  • Iimpahla zesibini kunye namatyala
  • Nokuba iyavakala na into yokuba unike ikhaya lomtshato kwiqabane elifumana ilungelo lokugcina abantwana
  • Ukuthengiswa kwempahla kusasazwa
  • Umnqweno wemali wokugcina ii-asethi zihleli
  • Iziphumo zerhafu kulwabiwo lwepropathi kwicala ngalinye
  • Iindleko zokuthengisa iiasethi, ukuba kukho imfuneko
  • Ukwabiwa kwepropathi amaqela ekuvunyelwene ngawo kwisivumelwano sokwahlukana
  • Izibonelelo zomhlala phantsi kwesi sibini
  • Naziphi na ezinye izinto ezifanelekileyo

Inkxaso yomlingane

Inkundla inokuthatha isigqibo sokuba elinye iqabane lifune inkxaso yemali kwelinye ukufezekisa iimfuno zalo ezisisiseko zokuphila. Phantsi komthetho waseOhio, iinkundla zijonga a Uluhlu lwezinto xa usenza isigqibo sokuba ulinike elinye icala inkxaso. Ukuba elinye icala licela inkxaso, iinkundla zaseOhio ziqwalasele oku kulandelayo:

  • Ingeniso yamaqela, iiasethi, kunye namatyala
  • Icala ngalinye lokufumana umvuzo
  • Iminyaka yamaqabane
  • Izibonelelo zomhlala phantsi zomtshato
  • Ubude bomtshato
  • Nokuba icala elinye lihlala ekhaya nabantwana
  • Icala ngalinye lomgangatho wokuphila
  • Inqanaba lemfundo leqela ngalinye
  • Nokuba elinye icala lixhasa elinye ngelixa esenza izifundo eziphakamileyo
  • Kuya kuthatha ixesha elingakanani ukuba iqabane elifuna inkxaso liqeqeshe ukuphinda lingene kubasebenzi

Imiba yaBantwana

Inkxalabo ephambili yenkundla yoqhawulo-mtshato yaseOhio yeyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu kubantwana ababandakanyeka kumatyala oqhawulo-mtshato. Inkundla inoxanduva lokubonelela ngezemali, ezemfundo kunye neemvakalelo. Rhoqo, inkundla yenza imiyalelo yethutyana yokubonelela abantwana ngelixa ityala lisajongiwe. Imiyalelo yethutyana eqhelekileyo ibandakanya inkxaso yabantwana, undwendwelo, kunye nentsebenziswano phakathi kwabazali.



Ukugcinwa Komntwana

Iinkundla zaseOhio zikhetha ukuba bobabini abazali babelane ngoxanduva lokuba ngumzali. Nangona ukuba ngumzali okwabelwanayo akunakwenzeka kuzo zonke iimeko, iinkundla zisebenza neentsapho ukwenza iishedyuli zokundwendwela ezihlangabezana neemfuno zabazali bobabini. Iinkundla zase-Ohio zithathela ingqalelo oku kulandelayo xa zichonga ukwabelana ngomzali kufanelekile kwimeko:



  • Iminqweno yabazali kunye neyabantwana
  • Ubudlelwane bomntwana nabazali, abantakwabo, kunye naye nabani na onokuthi abenempembelelo kwezona mfuno zilungileyo zomntwana
  • Ukukwazi komntwana ukuziqhelanisa nekhaya kunye nesikolo
  • Impilo yengqondo nengokwasemzimbeni yabantu ababandakanyekayo
  • Nguwuphi umzali onokuthi ahambisane nemiyalelo yenkundla
  • Nokuba umzali usemva kwiintlawulo zenkxaso yomntwana
  • Nokuba umzali unetyala lokuxhaphaza umntwana
  • Nokuba umzali ulikhanyele elinye ixesha lokuba ngumzali
  • Nokuba abazali bamisele indawo yokuhlala
  • Ukukwazi kwabazali ukusebenzisana
  • Isakhono sabazali sokukhuthaza umntwana ukuba athande omnye umzali
  • Nayiphi na imbali yobundlobongela basekhaya
  • Umgama phakathi kwabazali

Inkxaso yomntwana

I-Ohio inemithetho ethile malunga nokuba abazali bahlawule malini ukuxhasa abantwana babo.

iikowuti zithetha emngcwabeni

Ukuthatha isigqibo soqhawulo mtshato

Uqhawulo mtshato linyathelo elikhulu. Unokuziva ngokungathandabuzekiyo ukuthandabuza ukuya phambili ngokugcwalisa isikhalazo. Kuhlala kungumbono olungileyo, ngakumbi ukuba unemeko enzima, ukubonisana negqwetha elinokukunceda ekukhokeleni kule nkqubo.